Substance Information

Substance use is part of the human condition; people have used tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and other drugs for various “human reasons”, in various countries for thousands of years. Like all things involving humans, substance use is complex and not just “good” or “bad”) and has the potential to both help and harm. What’s more, the effects of using substances are not uniform but unique to each individual.

Drugs and their categories

A drug is any substance that causes a change in how people feel mentally, emotionally or physically. Mood and other brain processes such as perception, attention, learning, memory, concentration and abstract thought can be impacted.

Drug and their effects depend on many factors, including dose, types of drugs used and their interaction, how the drug is taken and the body’s response to drugs that develop over time (tolerance, dependence, etc).

Drugs include both legal drugs (such as alcohol, tobacco, and prescription drugs such as anti-depressants and painkillers) and illegal drugs such as cocaine, speed and LSD. When discussing drugs it can be helpful to categorize drugs according to the effect they have on one’s mind and body.

Hallucinogens

Hallucinogens are drugs that distort perceptions, mental processes and emotions. Hallucinogens can act as either or both dissociatives or psychedelics. Examples include magic mushrooms, LSD/acid, peyote, PCP, Ketamine, GHB

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Hallucinogens information

Stimulants

Stimulants are drugs that produce a quick temporary increase of energy by speeding up the central nervous system. Breathing, heart rate and creating an alerted state.

Stimulant drugs include, tobacco, caffeine, cocaine/crack, amphetamines and drugs to treat ADHD.

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Cocaine information

Methamphetamine information

Opioids

Opioids are a group of drugs that resemble morphine and its effects. These include opiates which are derived from the poppy plant. Opioids are among the world's oldest known drugs with its beginnings in the therapeutic use of opium. Opioids act as painkillers with effects such as decreased perception of pain, decreased reaction to pain as well as increased pain tolerance. The side effects of opioids include sedation, constipation, slowing of respiration and a strong sense of euphoria.Examples include, morphine, codeine, opium, heroin, methadone, Demerol and Percodan.

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Heroin information

Depressants

Depressants are substances that slow down how our central nervous system operates. They slow down our heart rate and breathing and bring a more relaxed and calm feeling. Because our central nervous system is slowed, in small amounts, alcohol can slow our inhabitations as well as make us feel more sociable and talkative. In larger quantities our balance, vision, coordination and ability to make important decisions also become confused.

Depressants drugs include alcohol, solvents/inhalants, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, antihistamines and general anesthetics.

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Alcohol information

Inhalants information

Cannabis

Cannabis originates from the Cannabis Sativa plant. Its psychoactive ingredient is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and can be consumed as marijuana, hash or hash oil.  The effects of cannabis can include relaxation, heightened mood, mild euphoria, while side-effects include a decrease in short term memory, coordination and concentration, dry mouth, increased appetite, lowered blood pressure. 

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Cannabis information

Cannabis and psychosis information

 


Recent Posts

  • Cranbrook Drug Alert
  • Cranbrook Drug Alert

    Posted on: 16-Jun-2020

    Posted by EKASS | on 16-Jun-2020 Cranbrook Drug Alert

    CRANBROOK DRUG ALERT 

    Interior Heath has issued a Drug Alert for Cranbrook due to drug checking results through ANKORS that revealed highly toxic levels of fentanyl and benzodiazepines in a DARK PURPLE pebbly substance. People who use drugs are reporting passing out for extended periods of time after consuming this substance.  
    If you wish to share this alert with others – please note that this alert is localized to the community of CRANBROOK only. If you choose to display this poster, please remove by June 23rd, 2020 as per best practices.
    Thank you for your help in getting this important information out.  
    For your safety:
    ⭐️Buddy up when you are using, stay 2 meters (6 ft) from your buddy to remain physically distanced, but remember using with a buddy is safer than using alone!
    ⭐️Get your drugs checked - available at ANKORS and East Kootenay Addictions Services Society. More info: www.drugchecking.ca
    ⭐️Remember, smoking substances can still lead to overdose, take measures to prevent overdose.      
    ⭐️Avoid using different drugs at the same time or using drugs and alcohol together. 
    ⭐️Don’t use alone. Leave door unlocked. Tell someone to check on you.
    ⭐️If you feel you must use while alone, consider using the Lifeguard app which can connect you with emergency medical dispatchers in the event of an overdose. Download at the App Store or Google Play.  
    ⭐️Test by using a small amount, then go slow.
    ⭐️Carry a Naloxone kit and know how to use it.
    Know the signs of overdose and how to respond 
    🌟Recognize the signs of an OD: slow or no breathing, gurgling or gasping, lips/fingertips turning blue, difficult to rouse (awaken), non-responsive.
    🌟 Call 9-1-1 immediately It is still safe (and important) to use emergency services during the COVID -19 pandemic
    🌟Open airway and give rescue breaths using face mask
    🌟Give naloxone (Narcan) if you have it.
    Naloxone is available at:
    💫 ANKORS, EKASS, IH Public Health & Mental Health Substance Use Locations
    💫 Pharmacies located throughout Cranbrook
    Drug checking is available at:
    ✔️ANKORS #209 – 16th Ave North Cranbrook250-426-3383
    ✔️EKASS – 250-489-4344
    For more resources and links related to overdose and substance use, visit: https://www.interiorhealth.ca/AboutUs/Leadership/MHO/Pages/PHEmergency.aspx

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  • EKASS is now offering a virtual mindfulness group

    Posted on: 22-May-2020

    Posted by EKASS | on 22-May-2020 EKASS is now offering a virtual mindfulness group

    Mind full or Mindful?

    East Kootenay Addictions Services Society is offering a 4 week Mindfulness Skills Training Group (once a week, for 2 hours on Tuesdays) for anyone who would like to reduce their suffering and learn to live a happier, more peaceful life. For more information and to register for this free series, contact Kari or Eleine at 250-489-4344

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  • Cranbrook Food Resources
  • Cranbrook Food Resources

    Posted on: 03-Apr-2020

    Posted by Theresa Bartraw | on 03-Apr-2020 Cranbrook Food Resources

    Cranbrook Food Resources

    Food Resources


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Upcoming Events

  • New additions to the COVID-19 resource section

    Event Date: 31-Mar-2020

    Posted by Theresa Bartraw | on 31-Mar-2020 New additions to the COVID-19 resource section

    East Kootenay Addictions Services is building and adding to the COVID-19 Response Resources section of the website. Follow the link here COVID-19 Resources for more information

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  • Managing the Covid-19 Virus Update
    Event Date: 25-Mar-2020
  • Managing the Covid-19 Virus Update

    Event Date: 25-Mar-2020

    Posted by Theresa Bartraw | on 25-Mar-2020 Managing the Covid-19 Virus Update

    March 25, 2020

    Dear Clients:

    As part of our ongoing response to the Covid-19 pandemic, EKASS has followed the recommendations of the Federal and Provincial Governments, and has closed all our offices effective March 18, 2020.    

    To stay in line with the precautions suggested by the Federal Government of self-distancing, this office will be closed indefinitely.  Please check our website www.ekass.com for updated information and links to resources and supports.

    We are continuing to provide counselling services to our clients via phone or webbased options.  

    Clients on the OAT Program will be contacted by the doctors at the Interior Chemical Dependency Office in Kamloops to ensure that they continue to receive scripts.

    Harm Reduction supplies continue to be available as we continue to provide supplies to our community partners.

    We recognize that these are stressful times.  We are here to support you and want people to stay in touch as we navigate this situation together.  If you have questions or concerns, or to book an appointment, please call the Cranbrook office at 250-489-4344 for further information.  We will be checking the phones messages daily and responding as quickly as we can.

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  • Teen Empowerment and Mastery Program
    Event Date: 4-May-2020
  • Teen Empowerment and Mastery Program

    Event Date: 4-May-2020

    Posted by EKASS | on 14-Feb-2020 Teen Empowerment and Mastery Program

    Communities throughout the East Kootenay region will be holding the Teen Empowerment and Mastery (TEAM) Program in May and June of 2020. Click here to learn more about TEAM. If you are a young person interested in attending TEAM contact us at 1-877-489-4344 for more information.

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